If you are a basketball mentor, it’s necessary for you to know about the history of basketball. If you love to play basketball or like to watch basketball matches it will be an interesting fact for you to know about your favorite sports’ history.
Meet “The”Mr. James Naismith
James Naismith is the legend behind the basketball game. He introduced basketball in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts. Mr. Naismith was a Canadian-American physical educator, chaplain, physician, sports coach and innovator. He invented the game when he was at the age of 30.
Reasons Behind Invention
It was the winter of 1891-92. At Springfield college, there was a group of restless students. After the end of their football season, they were looking for some activities to burn their calories to keep themselves fit all the way.
They were offered some activities as a means of burning calories like marching, calisthenics and apparatus work. But all those activities were not as exciting as football itself. They were looking for a game that is exciting and also good for health. At this situation, James Naismith came up with the idea of basketball.
Mr. James Naismith’s 13 Rules of Basketball
Along with the idea of basketball Naismith made a manuscript of rules that will be followed during the game. His manuscript of rules is the basement of today's all the national and international rules and regulations.
- Players can throw the ball any direction using their both hands.
- The ball can be batted in any direction with both hands or a single hand, but not with the fist.
- A player must throw the ball from the spot where he catches the ball, he is not allowed to run with the ball.
- Players are permitted to use only their hands to hold the ball, the arm and other parts of the body must not be used to hold it.
- A player can’t hold, push, strikeor trip his opponent teammates.
- A foul will be called when anyone strikes the ball with the fist.
- If a team commits three consecutive fouls, it would be counted as a goal for the opponent.
- A goal is declared when the ball is thrown or batted from the court into the basket and stays there.
- If the ball goes outside the ground, it shall be thrown into the court and the player touches the ball first will keep going with the ball.
- The umpire will judge, note the fouls and notify the referee when three back to back fouls will be made.
- The referee will be the decider of inbound, to which team ball belongs and the time.
- A game consists of two 15-minutes halves including a break between first and second half.
- The team scores the most goals will be declared as the winner.
The First Basketball Game
The first basketball match was played on 21st December 1891. It was arranged at the YMCA training school in Springfield, Massachusetts.
At that time, the court was not as big as now. The first game was played on the ground of a gym. It measured only 50 feet x 35 feet where today's courts are 94 feet x 53 feet.
Naismith, the inventor himself, came early that day and wrote down all the 13 rules on the bulletin board of the gym. After that, he nailed a peach basket to the lower rail of the balcony on both ends of the gymnasium.
When the players arrived, Naismith split the eighteen students into two teams of nine players and started teaching them the 13 rules of basketball practically.
The game was ended up with the score of 1-0. William R. Chase from the team-1 scored the only goal of the game 25 feet away from the basket and became the first person in the history of basketball who scored a goal!
Who knows the game that was played on the 21st December 1891 will be one of the most popular games in this planet!
As the day passed, people showed their love, and the authority added new rules and arranged more competitions to make this game more competitive and fair. Today’s basketball is the result of lots of changes.
Do you love basketball? Let us know why.
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