Playing basketball needs some special arrangements and making a perfect dimensional court is one of them.
Without a perfect dimensional court, the game will be full of wrong decisions and injustices. Some crucial rules of the game are directly related to the outline of the court as well.
In this article, we will discuss the actual measurement of a basketball court.
Anyone, an occasional player who knows few about the court or a newbie who just heard about the game and planning to play with friends, will find this measurement article helpful to enrich their basketball knowledge.
You know as many as 10 players to as few as two players can play in a basketball court.
Indoor courts are usually made with hardboard and the outdoors are made with asphalt or concrete.
You can build a full-court anywhere you want. If you don’t have that much free space, you can also make space for a half basketball court in your driveway, backyard or commercial gym. This type of court would be just as useful.
The Dimension of a Basketball Court
The measurements of the basketball courts for different tournaments are given below pointing the major areas of a court.
Court length is the longest part of the court. You can also say,the distance between two baskets. Length of the National Basket Association court is the highest among all other courts.
- Length of NBA: 94 feet.
- Length of FIBA: 91.86 feet.
- Length of WNBA: 94 feet.
- Length of NCCA: 94 feet.
Ground width means how much wide the court is excluding the reserved bench area. You can also term it as the distance between two long lines.
- Width of NBA: 50 feet.
- Width of WNBA: 50 feet.
- Width of FIBA: 49.21 feet.
- Width of NCCA: 50 feet.
Halfway Line and Its Circle
Halfway line divides the court into two equal sides. This is an equilibrium line with the width. Halfway line is also known as the division line. In the center of the court, there is a circle. The game starts from here.
- Diameter of the circle NBA: 12 feet.
- Diameter of the circle WNBA: 12 feet.
- Diameter of the circle FIBA: 11.81 feet.
- Diameter of the circle NCCA: 12 feet.
The 3-point line separates the special 3-point area from the 2-point area. The shape of this line is like a half-tube. A court has two 3-point lines on both ends.The distance of this line from the center varies depending on the nature of the league.
- Distance from center High School: 19.75 feet.
- Distance from center NCAA 20.75 feet.
- Distance from center WNBA and FIBA 21.65 feet to 22.15 feet.
- Distance from center NBA 22 feet to 23.75 feet.
Restricted Arc Radius
This arc is drawn to provide extra benefit to offensive players. It is important. Because a defending player is not permitted to force a charging foul within this area.
- Distance of arc from end line NBA: 4 feet.
- Distance of arc from end line FIBA: 4.10 feet.
- Distance of arc from end line WNBA: 4 feet.
- Distance of arc from end line NCCA: 4 feet.
Key shaded lane or free throw lane is the painted area under the basket. The width of this area also differs tournament to tournament.
- Width NBA: 16 feet.
- Width FIBA: 16.08 feet.
- Width WNBA: 16 feet.
- Width NCAA: 12 feet.
Free Throw Line
The parallelogram-shaped area just under the basket is known as free throw area. This portion of the court is also called shaded area, painted area, lane keyand three-second area.
- Area for NBA: 15 feet.
- Area for FIBA: 15.09 feet.
- Area for WNBA 15 feet.
- Area for NCCA 15 feet.
If you are preparing for a major tournament, you should practice and follow the specific format of that tournament.
Practicing in the same format ofan actual tournament, you will get a great knowledge of the actual court. As a result, you can move through the court even without seeing the lines. You will just get used to it.
Moreover, if you want to make a court just for fun, you can follow any comfortable dimension considering your skill and the free space you have.
Image source- https://grand-slam.com.au/basketball-court-dimensions/